3D Perspective for Beginners

3D perspective or your 3D house render is the final step in doing an architectural presentation. When doing an architectural presentation, the natural flow of the presentation material would be the floor plans first, followed by the elevations, next is the sections (if any) and finally the perspectives, whether it is interior or exterior.

Basic Components of 3D perspective

Before doing a 3D perspective or a 3D house render, one must first understand the basics of doing the perspective itself. One must be familiar with the components to be able to work out how a 3D perspective work. There are several key components to remember:

  • Horizon Line – the horizon line is horizontal line where the sky meets the earth in in the far end of your perspective drawing. The horizon line will be your basis where the earth ends and the sky begins.
  • Vanishing point – Vanishing point is where all the lines go, it determines the path of the lines. 1 point perspectives only have one vanishing point, while a two point perspective has two. The vanishing point is always along the horizon line.
  • X and Y axes – The X and Y axes are the horizontal and vertical lines in your 2D plans. In 1 point perspectives, all lines, whether it it from the x or y axis will always go to the vanishing point. While in 2 point perspectives, the x axis lines go to one vanishing point and the y axis goes to the other vanishing point.
  • Z axis – The Z axis is the line that you protruded from the 2d plan to make a 3d. The z axis always appear as a vertical line in any perspective, as long as it is not a top view perspective.

2 kinds of 3D perspective or 3D House Perspective

There are two kinds of 3D perspective or 3D house design, before deciding to do one, you must first decide what kind is going to benefit the house presentation better.

  • 1-point perspective – the 1-point perspective only has one vanishing point, all the lines on the x and y axes are all drawn going to the vanishing point. This kind of perspective is often used when the perspective view is in the middle of a long street, or the perspective is in top view. It is also sometimes used when the artist wants to emphasize the front yard of a house.
  • 2-point perspective – the 2-point perspective is more often used than its 1-point counterpart, with this kind of perspective, the x and y axis are separated, the x goes to one point and the y goes to the other. This kind of perspective is often used especially when the house has a focal corner that the artist wants to emphasize,or if the artist wants to convey two sides of the house.